Further Reading

Iron Mountains, Iron Rails

Horace Andrew Keefer, “Recollections, Historical and Otherwise, Relating to Old Pine Grove Furnace,” Potomac Appalachian Trail Club Bulletin, October 1934, http://www.patc.us/history/archive/pine_grv.html.

Paul J. Westhaeffer, History of the Cumberland Valley Railroad: 1835 – 1919.  Washington D.C.: National Railway Historical Society, 1979.

Ronald L. Lewis, “Use and Extent of Slave Labor in the Chesapeake Iron Industry: The Colonial Era,” Labor History 17 (Summer 1976): 389-390.

Joseph E Walker, “The End of Colonialism in the Middle Atlantic Iron Industry,” Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies 41, no. 1 (January 1974), 6.

K. Goodyear, Esq., Local History: Blast Furnaces of Cumberland County (Carlisle, PA: Hamilton Library Association, 1903), 1-6.

Albert J. Churella. The Pennsylvania Railroad, Volume 1: Building an Empire, 1846-1917. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011), 73.

Randy Watts. Railroads to Pine Grove Furnace: Book Two in a Series, Railroads of the Cumberland Valley. (Carlisle: Keystone Computer Services, Inc. 1991), 4.

John Bland, Secret War at Home: The Pine Grove Furnace Prisoner of War Interrogation Camp (Carlisle PA:      Cumberland County Historical Society, 2006)

Lenore Flower, History of Pine Grove Furnace (Carlisle PA: Cumberland County Historical Society, 1975), 9.  

CCC Annual 1936: District No. 1 Third Corps Area Civilian Conservation Corps, 1936, MG-104 Papers of Leroy Reed, Cumberland County Historical Society.

Cash Crops

Alexander, Edwin P. The Pennsylvania Railroad: A Pictorial History. New York: Bonanza Books, 1984.

Bidwell, Percy W and Falconer, John I. “History of Agriculture in the Northern United States – 1620-1860”. Washington, D.C. Carnegie Institute.

Breed Publishing Company’s Directory of the Cumberland Valley Railroad. (1900)   Newburgh, NY. Dickinson College Archives.

Burgess, George H, and Miles C Kennedy. Centennial History of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 1846-1946. New York: Arno Press, 1976.

Cumberland County Commissioners. Life in Cumberland County Pennsylvania, n.d. Cumberland County Historical Society.

ExplorePAHistory.Com. Accessed October 27, 2018. http://explorepahistory.com/index.php.

Gigliotti, Pete. Co-Op Should Have “Best Year Yet.” n.d.

Fletcher, Stevenson. (1950). Pennsylvania Agriculture and Country Life—1640-1840.

Harrisburg, PA. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commisson.

Hazard’s Register of Pennsylvania. (1835). “Cumberland Valley Railroad”. Nov 14 1835.  Pages 306-308.

Herber, Charles. (1952) Carlisle and the Cumberland Valley Railroad. Essay. Dickinson College Archives.

History | Conrail. Accessed October 27, 2018. http://www.conrail.com/history/.

Holcomb, Henry J. “Conrail Is Fined in Asbestos Removal.” The Philadelphia Inquirer. June 21, 1995. www.newspapers.com.

Hopes For More Grain Exports. Elizabethtown Chronicle. July 29, 1976.

Jaffe, Mark. “Part of Conrail Fine to Fund Tree-Planting.” The Philadelphia Inquirer. August 23, 1997. www.newspapers.com.

Livingood, James W. (1947) The Philadelphia-Baltimore Trade Rivalry—1780-1860. Harrisburg.  Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission.

Local Opposition Voiced to Cutting Rail Service. The News-Chronicle. March 19, 1974.

Market Report. The News-Chronicle. March 19, 1974.

McMurry, Sally Ann, Project Muse, and Project Muse. Pennsylvania Farming A History in Landscapes. Baltimore, Maryland: Project Muse, 2018.

Open House Set at CV Co-Op Complex. Public Opinion. Accessed October 25, 2018. www.newspapers.com.

Pennsylvania Farm Journal: Devoted to Horticulture, Agriculture & Rural Economy. (1853).

Fruit Culture in Pennsylvania. Jan 1 1853.  Vol 2. No. 10. West Chester, PA.

Pennsylvania Rail Road Co., Twenty-Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company to the Stockholders. E.C. Markley and Son, Philadelphia, PA. February 21, 1871

Schotter, Howard Word. The Growth and Development of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company: A Review of the Charter and Annual Reports of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company 1846 to 1926. Philadelphia: Allen, Lane et Scott, 1927.

The Associated Press. Old Grain Elevator about to Be Part of Past. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. n.d., sec. September 8, 1998.

The Chronicle. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania. Access Newspapers.com

United Press International. State Official Praises Embargo End. The Sentinel. April 25, 1981.                 

Urban Design | Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. Accessed October 28, 2018. https://phsonline.org/programs/urban-design/.

U.S. Corn, Soybean, Wheat Exports and USSR Grain Embargo: Contemporary Implications • Farmdoc Daily. Farmdoc Daily (blog), July 13, 2018. https://farmdocdaily.illinois.edu/2018/07/us-corn-soybean-wheat-exports-and-ussr-grain-embargo-contemporary-implications.html.

USDA – National Agricultural Statistics Services. www.nass.usda.gov/AgCensus/

Watts, Frederick. (1867). Thirty-Third Annual Report of the Cumberland Valley Railroad Company, to the Stockholders. Oct 1 1867.  Carlisle, PA.

Westhaeffer, Paul J. (1979). History of the Cumberland Valley Railroad—1835-1919.  Washington, D.C. National Historical Society.


“Annual Report of the Cumberland Valley Railroad 1849.” (Carlisle, PA, 1849). Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

“Annual Report of the Cumberland Valley Railroad 1866.” (Carlisle, PA, 1866). Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

Bishop, Kenneth. From Horses to Horsepower: How Goods Got and Get to Market, For the 25th Anniversary in the Year 2000 of the Founding of Cumberland County. Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

George R. Dykeman Obituary, “The Shippensburg News (Shippensburg, PA), Dec. 27, 1912.  Shippensburg Historical Society, Shippensburg, PA.

“Great Valley Historical Agricultural Region: 1750-1960.” Agricultural Resources of         Pennsylvania c. 1700-1960. (2018).

“History Background Information.” Document Center. Cumberland County of Pennsylvania.  https://www.ccpa.net/DocumentCenter/View/28893/History-Background?bidId=.

Jackson, S.B. “S.B Jackson Dealer in Flour, Feed, Hay and Poultry Supplies.” Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle PA.

NA, “New Stock Yards, “The Shippensburg News (Shippensburg, PA), Aug. 24, 1888.  Shippensburg Historical Society, Shippensburg, PA

The Cumberland Valley, Scientific American, Vol. 9, No. 4 (JULY 25, 1863), p. 51.

“The One Hundred and Second Great Annual Exhibition.” (Carlisle, PA), Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA. The Poultry Item. (1914).

Sanburn Fire Maps, Shippensburg Historical Society, Shippensburg, PA.

Toy Replica of Cattle Pen http://www.wig-wag-trains.com/MTLPages/MTLPhotos/Z-Scale/799-90-Series/799-90-905_Cattle-Pen.JPG

Paul J. Westhafeffer, History of the Cumberland Valley Railroad 1835-1919, (Washington D.C:  National Railway Historical Society, copyright 1979),

“An Improved Cattle Car,” Harp Week, May 21, 1881, page 0331c. http://app.harpweek.com/viewarticletext.asp?webhitsfile=hw18810521000031%2Ehtm&xpath=%2FTEI%2E2%5B1%5D%2Ftext%5B1%5D%2Fbody%5B1%5D%2Fdiv1%5B16%5D&xml=HW%5C1881%5C18810521%2Exml&titleid=HW&volumeid=1881&issueid=0521&pagerange=0331c%2D0331c&restriction=cattle++%7E+railroad+&pageIds=%7CHW%2D1881%2D05%2D21%2D0331%7C.

Bill Kemp, “PFOP: Hog cholera ravaged countryside in 1913,” The Pantagraph, April 17, 2016, https://www.pantagraph.com/news/pfop-hog-cholera-ravaged-countryside-in/article_d236203b-d3cf-56d0-a84c-d307b54bdf8e.html.

“The Disease commonly called “Hog Cholera.”.”, Porter’s Spirit of the Times. February 20, 1858. 391-3910. http://proxy-ship.klnpa.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=h9k&AN=79503 974&site=ehost-live&scope=site&ppid=divp0007&lpid=divl024.

“Hog Cholera.”, Weekly Novelette. November 7, 1857. 125-1250. http://proxy- ship.klnpa.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=h9k&AN=52674 862&site=ehost-live&scope=site&ppid=divp13&lpid=divl16.

“Fires in Railroad Cars,” Harp Week, February 19, 1887, page 0126c. http://app.harpweek.com/viewarticletext.asp?webhitsfile=hw18870219000019%2Ehtm&xpath=%2FTEI%2E2%5B1%5D%2Ftext%5B1%5D%2Fbody%5B1%5D%2Fdiv1%5B6%5D&xml=HW%5C1887%5C18870219%2Exml&titleid=HW&volumeid=1887&issueid=0219&pagerange=0126c%2D0126c&restriction=railroad+&pageIds=%7CHW%2D1887%2D02%2D19%2D0126%7C.

“Fire-Proof Houses and Cars,” Harp Week, March 24, 1883, page 0179ab. http://app.harpweek.com/viewarticletext.asp?webhitsfile=hw18830324000027%2Ehtm&xpath=%2FTEI%2E2%5B1%5D%2Ftext%5B1%5D%2Fbody%5B1%5D%2Fdiv1%5B12%5D&xml=HW%5C1883%5C18830324%2Exml&titleid=HW&volumeid=1883&issueid=0324&pagerange=0179ab%2D0179ab&restriction=railroad+%7E+catastrophe+&pageIds=%7CHW%2D1883%2D03%2D24%2D0179%7C.

“National Live Stock Journal.”, Spirit of The Times (New York, NY). January 22, 1876. 584-584. http://proxy- ship.klnpa.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=h9m&AN=80524 152&site=eds-live&scope=site&ppid=divp0008&lpid=divl029.

“Railroad Reports: Cases Affecting Railroads of Every Kind, Decided by the Courts of Last Resort,” ed. Thomas J. Michie, Vol. 6, 20-22. Charlottesville: The Michie Company, 1903.

Texas A&M University, College of Veterinary Medicine. “Hog Cholera, Classical Swine Fever.” Accessed October 22, 2018. http://www.cvm.tamu.edu/fadr/disease.aspx?DID=2800.

“Williams Grove Historical Marker,” ExplorePAhistory.com, last modified 2011, accessed October 22, 2018, http://explorepahistory.com/hmarker.php?markerId=1-A-1BF.

Wolfe, S. J. “Worms, Germs, and Sperm: How Agricultural Periodicals Helped the Pioneers Survive.” Worms, Germs & Sperm: How Agricultural Periodicals Helped the Pioneers Survive, June 2009, 1. http://proxy-ship.klnpa.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=h9k&AN=54912884&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Passenger Transportation

Alexander, Edwin P.  The Pennsylvania Railroad: A Pictorial History.  New York: Bonanza Books, 1947.

“A Rail Freight System That’s Back on the Track.” The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 11, 1979. Newspapers.com.

Burgess, George H., and Miles C. Kennedy.  Centennial History of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 1846-1946.  Philadelphia: The Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 1949. 

Churella, Albert J.  The Pennsylvania Railroad, Volume 1: Building an Empire, 1846-1917.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.  https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/ship/reader.action?docID=3441846&query.

Clever, Brad.  “Pride of the Cumberland Valley, 1988.”  Framed Collection, Shippensburg Historical Society.

Conrail. “Brief History of Consolidated Rail Corporation.” History. Accessed October 20, 2018. http://www.conrail.com/history/.

“Consider Eliminating Trains Through Town.” The News-Chronicle, March 1, 1974.          Newspapers.com

Crane, L. Stanley. “Conrail Can Survive as a Strong and Independent Railroad.” Pittsburgh Post- Gazette, August 20, 1985. Newspapers.com.

Cress, Joseph. “Carlisle welcomed back war machines and warriors after WWI,” The Sentinel,      May 19, 2017. Accessed October 24, 2018.     https://cumberlink.com/news/local/history/carlisle-welcomed-back-war-machines-and- warriors-after-wwi/article_163de10d-9fe6-5f08-a50a-a2ac840d9799.html.

“Cumberland Valley Railroad (C.V.R.R.) Station in Shippensburg, Pa,” Railroad postcards collection, 95299_0884, Hagley Museum and Library.

Cumberland Valley Railroad, “Cumberland Valley Railroad Time Table,” Shippensburg Historical Society, Framed Collection.

“Excursion Train is well Patronized: Agent Sells 130 Tickets for Trip to New York City.” The News-Chronicle, June 5, 1956. Newspapers.com.

Gallamore, Robert E. and John Robert Meyer. American Railroads: Decline and Renaissance in   the Twentieth Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014.

Mechanicsburg Museum Association, “The Cumberland Valley Railroad and Mechanicsburg,”      updated 2015. Accessed October 24, 2018.     http://www.mechanicsburgmuseum.org/cvrr.html

“NEW RAILROAD DEPOT.”  Shippensburg News (Shippensburg, PA) at Newspapers.com, April 1, 1876.  Accessed on September 28, 2018.  https://www.newspapers.com/image/95501716.

Pennsylvania Railroad.  “6th Annual Beach Train Excursion, Atlantic City, July 27, 1960.”  Transportation Collection, Shippensburg Historical Society.

Pennsylvania Railroad.  “7th Annual Beach Train Excursion, Atlantic City, July 17, 1961.”  Transportation Collection, Shippensburg Historical Society.

Pennsylvania Railroad.  “Extra Phillies’ Baseball Excursions to Connie Mack Stadium, July 27, 1960.”  Transportation Collection, Shippensburg Historical Society.

Pennsylvania Railroad, “Pennsylvania station in New York City (Back Cover & Map on p. 38),” DC002_0194, Hagley Museum and Library.

Postcard Collection, Shippensburg University Archives and Special Collections

“Railroad Service.” The News-Chronicle, March 22, 1974. Newspapers.com.

Smithsonian National Museum of American History, “Cumberland Valley Railroad Steam   Locomotive, Pioneer” Accessed October 18, 2018.

Stoner, Charles. “The Christmas Train,” Shippensburg Historical Society, Framed Collection.

Teller, Grif.  “Pennsylvania Railroad Picture, 1949.”  Framed Collection, Shippensburg Historical Society.

Westhaeffer, Paul J., History of the Cumberland Valley Railroad 1835-1919. Washington D.C.: Chapter National Railway Historical Society, 1979.

William Burkhart Photo Collection, Shippensburg Historical Society.